Basics in Raising Goats

There is a rapid growth in the dairy goat industry globally. But to operate a profitable dairy goat industry you need to have careful planning and management. The popularity of milking goats has increased and goat milk has specialized markets as it has higher digestible protein and fat content in comparison to cow’s milk. Therefore proper feeding and management of dairy goats is essential to get maximum produce and also to maintain good health.

Goats should not be fed with dairy cattle supplements which are lower than dairy goat supplements.

Therefore dairy goat supplements high in vitamin E, iron, iodine etc. should be given to goats. A farmer who intends to run a dairy goat farm should initially have a basic knowledge on dairy goat operation. Female goats are called does or female baby goats as doe lings while male goats are called bucks or buckling as babies. Similar to humans, to get milk from a goat the goat should be in lactation which is a result of the goat having given birth to a baby goat. Each time a goat has babies; it makes her start milk production and is known as a freshening. Although at the first time the mother has lot of milk, after about one year, the amount of milk reduces.

Before anyone invests money in facilities or animals they have to make sure that they have a market for their milk. You could make your own farmstead cheese and sell liquid milk or else find a cheese plant to sell the goat milk. Most of the processors will not purchase new milk if they do not have a market for their products. There are many different breeds of goats – dairy breeds, meat breads, fancy-pansy breeds (that produces fibres for fabric) fainting goats. The flavour of milk differs according to the breeds. Milk of some breeds has musky goat flavour while some are very smooth, sweet and delicious. Get to know more about animal supplements over at this site http://www.agvance.co.nz/ 

Much of the equipment out grown by the cattle dairies could be adopted to suit a goat dairy. In most cases dairying ends up after 3 years mostly due to lack of understanding of the industry, limited resources and not having a plan. It should be noted that a business plan is the key to success in operating a dairy goat farm. If you are not familiar in developing a business plan you should contact an agricultural expert or a farm trainer.

It is better to visit different goat dairies before investing in a goat dairy. But it will be hard to find good information that fits an individual’s situation, therefore a valuable way to learn about goat dairy industry would be through a mentor. Time plays a major role in the success of the operation. A goat needs to be milked two times a day and there is seven days a week. Labour is another major factor for success and there should be people committed to the industry. Labour includes disbudding, tattooing, hoof trimming, barn cleaning, maintenance issues, raising crops, marketing and selling milk etc. Accordingly time, labour and management are the key factors in the success of a goat dairy farm. There are various management areas that need knowledge like – animal selection, milking procedure, milk equipment, animal care, feeds and housing, financial management etc.